Sustainable Development and Wild Nature Conservation in NICARAGUA
Conservation Science Research
Gaia researchers have participated in numerous bird studies throughout Nicaragua. The following list
demonstrates the relevant peer-reviewed scientific publications regarding birds in which Gaia staff are co-authors.
Relevant publications involving GAIA-sponsored research on birds:
McCrary JK, Young Jr. DP (2008): New and noteworthy
observations of raptors in southward migration in Nicargua. Ornitología Neotropical 19:573-580.
McCrary JK, Gates JE (2007): Evidences of brood parasitism
of Giant Cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus) on Spot-breasted (Icterus pectoralis) and Streaked-backed (Icterus pustulatus) Orioles.
Ornitología Neotropical 18:111-115.
McCrary JK, Arendt WJ, Morales S, Arengi JT, López LJ (2008):
New avian sight records for Nicaragua, with notes on
abundance, distribution and habitat use. Cotinga 29:102-107
McCrary JK, Arendt WJ, Chavarría L, López LJ, Somarriba PA,
Boudrault P-O, Cruz AL, Muñoz FJ, Mackler DG (2009): A contribution to Nicaraguan ornithology, with a focus on the
pine–oak ecoregion. Cotinga 31:89-95.
Arengi J, McCrary JK (2004): Raptor Migration Monitoring in Nicaragua. Hawk Migration Studies 29:20-25.
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The Chestnut-capped Warbler (Basileuterus delattrii) was recently awarded species status. It is one of the few warbler
species resident year-round in Nicaragua. Photo Vera Neumann.
Bird populations are monitored in Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve by the staff, scientific interns,
and volunteers of Estación Biológica
Laguna de Apoyo. Photo Joe Taylor.
Gaia Program experts support wildlife studies important to the economy of Nicaragua, such as the
impacts of windmills on wildlife. A major
wind farm in Rivas is located along an important bird migration corridor. Photo
Field research is conducted on several animal and plant groups at Estación Biológica Laguna de Apoyo. Photo
Field identification of the reptiles of Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve. Photo Kolby Kirk.
The forest inside the crater in Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve contains dozens of terrestrial
reptile species, making the area an
appropriate site for wildlife studies. Photo Jeffrey McCrary.
Gaia supports studies of the butterflies and moths of Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve, with two scientific publications
on the subject. Photo Aura Cruz.
The brown vine snake Oxybelis aeneus is among the diverse wildlife of Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve. Photo Lewis Honor.